Q: It seems that in the beginning that the angels had free will since one-third rebelled. Do they still have free will or an option to disobey?  —Victoria

A: Angels are spiritual beings created by God (John 1:3; Colossians 1:15-16) and possess essential elements of personality—intellect (2 Corinthians 11:3, 1 Peter 1:12), emotions (Job 38:7; Luke 2:13, 15:10), will (2 Timothy 2:26), and the power of self-determination. This means they have the power of choice. That’s how Lucifer, a cherub—a special class of angelic beings—could choose to sin against God (Isaiah 14:13-14; Ezekiel 28:14-17). Based on Revelation 12:4, some Bible scholars believe that one-third of all angels followed Lucifer and they too chose to rebel against God (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6). This angelic rebellion apparently occurred before God’s creation of the world.

Angels, like Adam and Eve, were created sinless, but were subject to a “probation period” similar to what Adam had in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:15-17). Angels who chose not to sin became “elect angels” (1 Timothy 5:21 NIV) or “chosen angels” (NAS). Jesus called them “holy angels” (Mark 8:38). Angels who sinned became demons. Some scholars believe that their choice is permanent and eternal, just as Adam’s choice to disobey God was.

Since the Bible says nothing about holy angels still having free will or the ability to disobey, I would hesitate to offer an answer. But Scripture tells us that these holy angels are now in heaven worshipping and praising God (Revelation 5:11-12), and since no impure person or beings will ever be allowed in heaven (Revelation 21:27), then it must mean that these holy angels are sinless and perfect. And if even if we take the position that angels still have freedom of choice, it is obvious that they have made their choice to worship their Creator!  —K.T. Sim

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